CCTV Camera installation is technical but easy to undertake when the right instructions and guidelines are followed. We will objectively enumerate these guidelines below;

Why do I need to install CCTV Camera?

Security surveillance is becoming a matter of necessity for several businesses and individuals as it greatly solves a great deal of security related issues for them. It is also cost effective on the long term.

How do I start the process of installing a CCTV camera system?

The first thing to be done is to access the building and area to be covered. A proper plan of the house/building will be required. This will enable the elimination of sensitive black spots. The survey is necessary to determine the number of CCTV Camera needed to effectively perform the task of securing the environment and act as the third eye.

The engineers after the aforementioned necessary survey will be able to make informed decision on the nature and quantity of cameras needed while factoring cost and other environmental factors.

What are the materials needed for CCTV Camera Installation?

Upon the necessary survey by the CCTV engineer, materials for the surveillance system will be made known and they broadly include the following:

1. The CCTV Camera: These can be HD Analog Cameras or IP/Network Camera. Choosing between these two camera types depends on the needs of the place to be surveyed and the financial capacity as Network cameras are generally more expensive than HD Analog cameras.

2. NVR or DVR (Video Recorders): These are the devices that decode and process signal sent from the cameras. The NVR is used for Network Cameras and the DVR is used for HD Analog Cameras.

3. Surveillance Monitor: This displays the live events as the cameras picks them, unto the screen/monitor. The monitor can be a Television of any size of choice.

4. Cables and Connectors: Cables are needed to connect the system above together (although, there are some wireless cameras). For HD Analog cameras, the RJ59 cable is mostly employed and for the Network cameras, Cat5 or Cat6 cables are always used. Connectors like BNC and sometimes the HDMI extenders are also used for proper connections.

5. Storage Device: Storage devices such as hard disks are needed to store recordings in case of a need for a playback on a previous event not seen live.

The Installation Process


After the conclusion of survey and getting the necessary materials needed, the real installation process will commence. But on a first note, the cameras bought must be tested to ensure they are in good perfect working conditions.

Now to the process of mounting the cameras, the survey earlier carried out must be adhere upon. The indoor and outdoor cameras must be mounted at their strategic places. Indoors cameras must be mounted where entries to the house is visible. Outdoor cameras must be mounted at least, 10ft (most recommended) above the ground level.


DVR/NVR of the CCTV is the place where the storage device (Hard Disk) is present. Hence, all your CCTV recording reside inside a DVR or NVR. It is highly recommended to keep the DVR/NVR should be placed in a secret location so that intruders will find it hard to locate. It must also be kept in a spot where the cable length usage can be maximized.


Planning of the pathway for all the cables from cameras to DVR unit beforehand is very crucial. Use wire moldings to keep the wire managed and safe. Nail the moldings along the path and put the Siamese surveillance wire inside.


The video cable is associated through a BNC port. Cut around 1.5cm of external covering of the video cable which ought to now uncover the interlaces. Slide the pleating barrel onto the cable with more extensive width looking towards the finish of the cable. Presently eliminate the white protector covering the deepest cable. Presently embed this uncovered cables into the BNC port and screw the pleating barrel. This makes a safe association. Associate the DVR/NVR output port to the screen on which you need the video feed.


The cameras are first powered on, then the surveillance screen/monitor. Now, set up the DVR/NVR by following the configuration settings as appropriate and as stated in the user manual. Now on the screen, on the camera feed, check if all cameras are providing the necessary output and coverage for the desired view angle.

Lastly, if you’re considering where to buy your CCTV Cameras and other accessories, kindly visit https://www.netsupport.ng/ for more information

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